A tomato greenhouse farm, constructed with local materials in Dar es Salaam, has elicited huge interest in Tanzania
The cost of farming at greenhouses are low compared to the open farming. (Image source: gardener41/flickr)
The farm, which is in its initial stage, is expected to produce tomatoes worth US$12,738 per week after six months.
Tanzanian agricultural entrepreneur and farmer Benno Ndjovu said he had invested US$4,458 to construct the plastic greenhouse, fitted with a drip water irrigation system.
“The advantages of greenhouse farming is that production goes on throughout the year and does not depend on rain. The risk of diseases is also lower compared to open farming,” Ndjovu pointed out.
He hoped greenhouse farming would decrease Dar es Salaam’s dependence on upcountry tomato supply and added, “Making profit out of the land needs one to farm scientifically by timely applying the required inputs.”
Ndjovu’s greenhouse occupies an area of 12 metres by 42 metres and has been producing an average of 10 crates of tomatoes per week; a crate fetched US$16 in the market, Ndjovu said.
“Soon I will be able to load a five-tonne Fuso per week,” he remarked.
Each tomato plant has a potential of producing up to 15kg at first harvest, going up to 60kg by the time it has completed its full cycle after six months, Ndjovu explained. The plant vines, which can grow up to 50 metres in height, are supported with sticks and special strings imported from Kenya.
The cost of farming at greenhouses are low compared to the open farming, Ndjovu revealed. The plants have shown higher yields and a shelf-life of 21 days while those grown in the open have a shelf-life of 14 days.
“It takes two months for greenhouse-produced tomatoes to mature, while it takes a minimum of three months with outdoor farming,” he remarked. “What it needs most is plenty of water. Without water any commercial farming is unprofitable.”
The agricultural entrepreneur said he planned to establish five hectares of greenhouse farms in Dar es Salaam which would be able to supply 2,000 crates of fresh tomatoes a week.
In comparison with poultry keeping, Ndjovu noted that greenhouse farming is more profitable as it needed less capital and is not time consuming compared to the former.
Netafim CEO CEO and President Ran Maidan. Photo: Amit Sha’al
Israeli drip-irrigation company Netafim Ltd. has signed a NIS 50 million ($14 million) deal with Tanzania-based conglomerate Bakhresa Group, to provide irrigation to 20 square kilometers of sugarcane grown by its subsidiary Bagamoyo Sugar, according to one person familiar with the matter who spoke with Calcalist on condition of anonymity. The project is set to last 18 months and will include engineering and agronomic support and services.
Owned by Tanzanian billionaire Said Salim Bakhresa, the Bakhresa Group is one of the largest in the region, with operations in Zanzibar, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. It does business in a variety of industries including food and drink, construction, petroleum, and packaging.
Netafim, headed by CEO and President Ran Maidan, is the largest drip-irrigation manufacturer in the world. The company employs around 5,000 people in 17 manufacturing plants and almost 30 subsidiaries in Israel and abroad. In February 2018, 80% of the company was acquired by Mexico-based pipes and chemicals company Mexichem SAB de CV in a deal valuing the Israeli company at $1.895 billion.
Expanding its African operations is one of Netafim’s key growth targets. Netafim signed its first African deal five years ago, a $180 million deal with the Ethiopian Sugar Corporation to provide irrigation systems and infrastructure to 70 square kilometers of agricultural land. The project, which includes a 60 km water pipeline, is set to be completed within a year.
https://pky-dripirrigation.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/logo.png00adminhttps://pky-dripirrigation.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/logo.pngadmin2019-08-22 07:22:532019-12-14 03:16:32Netafim Signs $14 Million Irrigation Deal in Tanzania
On his quarter-acre farm in Athi River, an area to the south of Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, Joseph Musyoka farms tomatoes that are currently fruiting.
He is hopeful that he will start harvesting the fruits from the 500 plants before the anticipated long rains season that is expected to start at the end of next month and make good money.
A look at the crops shows that they are doing well, yet Musyoka does not water them using the popular drip irrigation system, which a number of Kenyan farmers are adopting.
The youthful farmer has improvised his own drip irrigation system comprising of small used plastic bottles filled with water.
The system has not only helped him avoid the high costs associated with drip irrigation system, but is also enabling him to grow food despite the erratic weather in the east African nation as well as protect the environment.
“I paid two garbage collectors to get me the bottles from the nearby Athi River town where they are usually dumped and become an eye sore or end up in River Athi that passes in this area.”
“They brought me some 350 bottles of various sizes after two weeks of collecting, and went for me in the neighboring towns like Kitengela and Mlolongo. I paid them 2 shillings (about 0.02 U.S. dollars) for each,” he said on Saturday, noting he has close to 1,000 bottles.
Armed with the bottles, the farmer then planted his tomatoes inside the greenhouse after transferring them from a nursery.
“I then washed the bottles thoroughly and disinfected them to ensure they are free of any diseases. I, thereafter, made small holes on the caps of the bottles, filed them with water and inserted them in the soil near each plant,” he explained.
The small holes made on the bottle caps release water slowly into the soil, penetrating to the roots of the plant making it thrive.
“I have been using the method over a year now and it is serving me well because my crops are flourishing especially during the dry season as it is now,” he said.
Musyoka fills water in the bottles depending on the stage of growth the plant is at.
“If about a month-old, as that is when I transfer them from the nursery, I put in the bottle about 100 ml of water and refill after two or three days. If close to three months old when they are fruiting, I fill with 300 ml and refill after two days,” he explained.
Though it is a tedious task, it is worth it, he said, adding that he refills after some days to avoid diseases like root rot which attacks the plants when the soil is too wet.
It costs at least 600 dollars to install a drip irrigation system on quarter-acre farm, with the bulk of the money going to a water tank, including mounting it at a higher level, labour and the rest on the drip lines.
“Drip irrigation system is expensive because of its many costs. If you are far from the water source, you have to incur additional costs of pumping the water into the tank using most likely a petrol water pump, before it flows to the plants. This raises expenses,” said Moses Andati, a farmer in western Kenya.
Andati is also using the improvised drip system to grow bananas and vegetables.
Beatrice Macharia, an agronomist with Agro-Point, a consultancy in Nairobi, noted that the innovative drip irrigation method is part of permaculture, which utilizes ecologically friendly farming methods.
“In this system, farmers are encouraged to use things that are readily available in their environment to grow food in a sustainable way,” she said, noting however, a majority of those using it are in dry areas which receive little rainfall.
In Kenya, the bottling method is used on food crops and even on trees and flowers especially during the dry spell, according to Macharia.
Through the method, she noted Kenyan farmers are helping the country curb the plastic bottle menace that is chocking east African nation’s rivers and the environment by reusing the bottles and later disposing them in a better way.
Strawberries should be grown in fertile, loose neutral or slightly acidic loam. It is not suitable for cultivation in soils that are too sticky. The soil is fertilized, water is poured, and strawberries can be grown. According to the growth characteristics of strawberries, the use of under-film drip irrigation technology for strawberry planting will have significant yield-increasing benefits. It is an important technical guarantee for high-yield, high-yield and high-efficiency strawberry production in greenhouses. Drip irrigation not only has the advantages of water saving, energy saving, and dehumidification. At the same time, it can also adjust the microclimate, improve the growth environment of strawberries, and combine topdressing with fertilization and pesticide application.
Selection of drip irrigation capillary. For densely planted crops such as vegetables, the roots have a small development range and are very sensitive to the supply of water and nutrients. The density of the dripper is required to be large, and the amount of capillary tubes is large. Therefore, the drip irrigation belt with lower price is used to effectively reduce the drip irrigation cost. It is reliable in operation and easy to install and use.
The arrangement of drip irrigation under the membrane. Before drip irrigation into the shed, the ridge should be erected, the ridge width is 40 cm, the height is 10-15 cm, and the middle double low ridge is made. The drip irrigation belt is placed in the middle low depression of the double high ridge, and the ridge is covered with mulch. . The center distance of the double ridges is generally 1 meter, so the spacing of the drip irrigation tubes is 1 meter. Each length of the drip irrigation capillary is generally equal to the length of the shed, and sometimes two vegetables are required for the large amount of water. The length of the branch pipe is generally equal to the length of the shed. Install a fertilizing device and a secondary mesh filter at the head of the branch pipe.
In order to achieve the best effect of strawberry drip irrigation,the design,installation and management must be standardized.It is not possible to remove the filter facilities and punch holes at any position. Strawberries under the greenhouse,the mesh inside the filter should be cleaned frequently, and the filter should be replaced if it is damaged. The drip pipe network should be found to promptly open the plug for flushing.
The principle of dripping should follow the principle of “wet without drying, dry without drought”, depending on the water demand of each growing season of strawberries. The relative humidity of the soil is kept at 50%-60%. 80% of strawberry roots are distributed in the soil layer 15 cm below the surface, and the topsoil is very easy to dry, so the drip should be a small number of times.
The watermelon irrigated by drip irrigation reduces the humidity in the shed, reduces the watermelon disease, improves the soil ecological environment, loosens the soil, increases the water content, and develops the root system of the watermelon. The final fruit commodity rate increased by more than 15%, the quality of watermelon pulp was also improved, and the total yield was improved. According to statistics, the scientific application of watermelon cultivation with drip irrigation technology has reached 5600kg/667 square meters, and the yield increased production by 23.8%.
Watermelon planting should choose fertile soil, less weeds, and the planting ground should be kept as flat as possible to avoid excessive height difference, and the soil of 3 to 5 years without planting melon crops to grow watermelon.Drip irrigation should also pay attention to the selection of sub-seepage and infiltration capacity, good drainage to facilitate the emergence and root growth, and rationally arrange the planting structure of crops in the nearby plots, to avoid the phenomenon of water demand during the peak period of crop water demand.
The water pipeline required for drip irrigation is the passage that directs the water from the water supply to the drip irrigation area. For watermelon drip irrigation, it is generally three-stage, namely dry pipe, branch pipe and drip irrigation capillary. The flow rate of the capillary dripper is 4L/h, the distance between dripper is 30cm, and the mulch film of 90cm width is used. One drip irrigation capillary tube is placed in each film, and the distance between adjacent two capillary tubes is 2.6m, and the dosage is 260m/667m2. For sandy soil plots with weak lateral water diffusion capacity and strong vertical infiltration capability, a membrane and two-tube pipe-laying method is adopted, and the irrigation effect is better.
When installing, the capillary tube is directly installed on the branch pipe, and the branch pipe is connected to the main pipe or directly connected to the water source system. To use a clean water source, there must be no suspended solids in the water, otherwise an internet filter should be added to prevent rust and sediment. The filter is filtered by a gauze of 8 to 10 mesh. When conditions permit, a pressure gauge valve and a fertilizer mixing tank (volume 0.5 to 1 m3) are installed. The capillary tube is generally arranged in parallel with the planting row, and the branch pipe is perpendicular to the planting row. The main pipe is perpendicular to the branch pipe, parallel to the capillary pipe, and the main pipe should be buried 80 cm deep. The connection between the drip irrigation capillary and the branch pipe is a three-way connection. When connecting with a three-way, punch the hole in the upper part of the branch pipe, press the button three-way, and connect the capillary at both ends. When using the ordinary three-way, the size of the water outlet hole must be adjusted or the valve tee should be used to ensure that the water from each drip irrigation tube is even.
Before laying, fully consider the water control area of each supervisor. If the control area is too large, the pressure will be insufficient, and the amount of water supplied within the rated time will not reach the specified water level; if the area is too small, the pressure will be too large, and drip irrigation will be The capillary tube is easy to burst.
Watermelon drip irrigation is a low-pressure irrigation. The pressure required for normal dripping is 0.01 to 0.2 MPa. If the pressure is too high, the hose may be broken. If the pressure is too small, the dripping may be uneven. When there is no pressure gauge, it can be judged from the operation of the drip capillary. If the capillary is approximately circular and the sound of the water is not large, the pressure is considered appropriate. If the capillary is too tight, the water sound is too loud, indicating that the pressure is too high and should be adjusted to prevent the capillary from rupturing. If the capillary is flat, the pressure is too small and should be pressurized.
During the growth period, watermelon should strengthen the prevention and control of pests and diseases, especially for the prevention and control of watermelon root diseases such as blight, it must be carried out for 5-6 years, so as to ensure the yield.
Beets are different from grass crops. It mainly relies on the high yield of roots, the roots are hypertrophy, the roots are developed, the water demand is high, and the biological yield is high. The physical and chemical properties of the soil are more stringent. Neutral, slightly alkaline (pH 6.5-7.5) soil should be chosen, the terrain is flat, the soil layer is deep, loose and fertile, the organic matter content is high, and irrigation and drainage are convenient.
According to the soil texture, the pipe laying method of 1 membrane or 1 membrane and 1 tube can be selected, and the seeding, pipe laying and film coating can be completed at one time. Drip irrigation pipe should be relaxed and smooth as far as possible, naturally smooth, not too tight and twisted, fixed every 3 to 5 meters of compacted soil, and then covered.
The film is required to use a film having a thickness of 0.005 to 0.008 mm and a width of 90 cm. The film should be tightly laid and flattened so that the film is close to the ridge surface, and a soil belt is pressed every 2 to 3 meters to prevent the wind from uncovering the film. Dry sowing and drying technology is adopted. Immediately after the sowing, the drip irrigation branch pipe, the spoke pipe and the linking capillary tube are arranged to ensure the normal operation of the drip irrigation pipe network. Immediately after the pipe network is set up, the water is dripped immediately. The first dripping water is determined according to the soil condition.
It is necessary to carefully check the drip irrigation belt, and find that the drip, run, and the phenomenon of the drip, timely replenishment, the drip period must be kept in check, the film surface wet printing is appropriate, to prevent water accumulation.
When the sugar beet is suitable for topdressing, when the plant grows 8 to 10 leaves, the urea and potassium sulfate to be applied are put into the fertilization tank, and the drip is combined with drip irrigation. Beet is a crop that requires more water. During the whole period of growth, it is drip-filled 3 to 5 times according to soil moisture, weather and water demand rules at different periods. Beet seedlings require less water, and in the absence of water, they should be seedlings.
The drip irrigation of the head water can promote the root system. Generally, at noon, the leaves are wilting and the night returns to normal. The optimal drip irrigation time is 4 to 6 hours per dripping time. During the accumulation of sugar, the amount of drip irrigation should be controlled. If there is too much water in the later stage, a large number of new leaves are easily formed and the sugar content is lowered. Drip irrigation should be stopped 10 to 15 days before harvest.
When most of the leaves of the beet turn yellow, the outer leaves are dead, the leaves are scattered, and the leaves are drooping and shiny, the root weight and sugar content reach the highest level and should be harvested in time. The drip tube and the branch and the auxiliary tube should be taken back and stored before harvesting, and the mulch film should be removed from the sugar beet. In order to facilitate the mechanical extraction of sugar beets, reduce pollution, so as to dig, pick up, with the cutting, with the shipment.
Every growth processof apple trees is closely related to water. Therefore, timely and proper water supply is an important measure to ensure the normal metabolism of apple trees and high yield and quality. Insufficient or insufficient water supply will weaken the tree and cause serious damage to fallen leaves, rotten roots and trees. Insufficient soil moisture can significantly affect the rate of fruit set. Summer drought affects the growth of fruit trees and the formation of flower buds. Drought in autumn affects the level of nutrient accumulation in trees. However, excessive rain in autumn can easily cause new shoots to grow. The nutrient accumulation in the tree is less enriched and the ability to overwinter is reduced. Therefore, apple tree irrigation is especially important.
Drip irrigation is carried out by using a set of special equipment (pressure that can be pressurized by a water pump or using the pressure generated by the topographical drop), and then through the various water supply networks (including the main pipe, branch pipe, capillary tube and gate valve) to the dripper. The head is slowly dripped directly into the rhizosphere soil of the crop. After the water drops into the soil, a small saturated zone is formed under the dripper by means of vertical force infiltration, and then gradually spreads to the developed areas of the crop roots. Therefore, drip irrigation has many advantages: water saving is 1/2 of the amount of sprinkler irrigation, which is 1/3 or even less than the amount of ground irrigation; no land preparation is required; fruit trees have good growth results, high yield, excellent quality; management and labor saving, high efficiency .
Applying this technology on Apple can increase production by 35-60%. Drip irrigation technology can expand the irrigation area of water source (well spring, river, pond, etc.) and reduce the development cost of water source per unit irrigation area, which is of great significance to water-deficient areas and expensive water sources.
The configuration of the drip irrigation system can generally be used to lay 1 capillary tube between the fruit villages. The dripper with a flow rate of 4 liters/hour is installed every 1 meter on the capillary tube. The dense plantation can be placed at a distance of 0.5 meters before and after the fruit tree. head. In the general orchard, one drip is placed at 1 meter on both sides of the tree: the result tree has 4 drip heads per plant (1 m from the trunk); the tree or sticky soil can be increased by 5-6.
Apple drip irrigation system: The appropriate humidity control in the field is about 70% of the water holding capacity in the field. The dripping water is 1 time before flowering, the plant dropping 0.03-0.04 cubic meters; the dripping water is 1~2 times in the flowering stage, the plant drops 0.08-0.17 cubic meters; the fruit is swollen. The drip water is 5-8 times, the plant drops 0.15-0.2-cubic meter; the dripping water is 1 time in the mature period, the plant drops 0.02-0.05 cubic meters, the drip irrigation quota is 40-50 cubic meters/mu, under the condition of no rain, two dripping water The interval is 3-4 days. When using drip irrigation, care should be taken to purify the water and prevent the dripper from clogging. It is filtered with a 80-100 mesh nylon sieve water filter made of polyvinyl chloride. The dripper should be cleaned and overhauled frequently.
At present, more than 2.05 meters wide mulch is used in the production, and three or six rows of cotton are planted on the film. The use of a three-tube membrane is more conducive to the advantages of drip irrigation technology. If the soil is sandy, it is necessary to use a membrane and three tubes.
The water requirement rules of cotton during each growth period: less seedling stage and bud stage, more flowering and bolling period, and less need after boll opening. During sowing and emergence, the water in the 2Ocm soil layer should be about 70% of the maximum water holding capacity in the field; the water consumption in the seedling stage accounts for less than 15% of the total water consumption, and the daily water consumption intensity is 0.5-1.5m3/mu; The water consumption accounts for 12%-20%, the daily water consumption intensity is 1.5-2.0m3/mu; during the flowering and boll period, the water consumption accounts for 45%-65%, and the daily water consumption intensity is 2.5-3.0m3/mu; after the boll opening, The daily water consumption is less than 2m3/mu, and the water consumption accounts for 10%-20%.
Drip irrigation according to water supply conditions and cotton growth. The first drip irrigation time should be determined according to the situation: after sowing, the soil moisture in the field is insufficient, and the cotton should be drip irrigation in time. In the absence of a dry phase, the excessively strong cotton fields should be postponed to the drip irrigation in the Shengli period. Generally, the cotton fields can start drip irrigation in the early stage. The amount of drip irrigation should be sufficient for the first time, usually around 30 square meters. Irrid once in the next 7-10 days, and the flowering and bolling period is drip once every 7 days in the middle and late July. Irrigation 9-11 times during the growing period. Machine picking cotton generally stops in late August.
Advantages of drip irrigation
The cotton drip irrigation technology fully reflects the controllability of field irrigation. The variable irrigation land is a crop. Low pressure, small volume and multiple water supply can avoid deep leakage and limit the evaporation of roots between crops. In short, drip irrigation technology has been widely applied and applied so far. Compared with conventional seeding technology, the advantages are very obvious, which not only reduces the amount of seed used, but also reduces the labor intensity, frees more people from heavy labor and plays cotton. The effect of increasing production and increasing income, especially in the case of lower prices of new cotton purchases, the high yield and good quality of cotton planted by drip irrigation technology has largely offset the unfavorable factors brought about by the increase in agricultural prices and the lower purchase price.
Drip irrigation under the membrane changes the humidity in the field, and the damage of the field aphids and red spiders occurs early and heavy. It is necessary to pay attention to the occurrence of the field and timely spray control.
Fruit tree drip irrigation is a special equipment that filters pressurized water (pressure that can be pressurized by the water pump or use the topographical drop) and pass through the various water distribution networks (including the main pipe ,supervisor, branch pipe, capillary tube and the gate valve, etc.) to the dripper, the water is dripped directly from the dripper into the rhizosphere soil of the crop. After the water drops into the soil, a small saturated zone is formed under the dripper by means of vertical force infiltration, and then gradually spreads to the developed areas of the crop roots.The drip irrigation technology uses a series of plastic pipes with different calibers to directly transport water and fertilizer dissolved in water from the water source to the root of the crop through the pressure pipeline. The water and fertilizer are supplied at regular intervals as needed.
Introduction of composition
The drip irrigation system consists of four parts: water source engineering, first hub (including water pump, power machine, filter, fertilizer injection device, measurement and control instrument), water distribution pipeline at all levels and full head, etc. The main components of the system are as follows.
1.Power and pressure equipment. These include pumps, electric motors or diesel engines and other power machinery. These devices are the power and flow source for micro-irrigation systems, except for self-pressure systems.
2.Water purification equipment. There are sedimentation tanks, primary trash racks, swirling splitter splitters, screen filters and media filters. A combination can be selected according to the water quality conditions of the water source. The main function of the screen filter is to filter out suspended matter in the irrigation water to ensure that the entire system, especially the dripper, is not blocked. Screens are made of nylon or corrosion-resistant wire.
The size of the mesh depends on the size of the dirt particles to be filtered. Generally, the sediment of 75 microns in diameter is removed. A 200-mesh screen is required. The gravel filter is made by washing and sorting sand gravel and sand, and is filled into the metal cylinder in a certain order. It has good filtering effect on various organic or organic sewage and suspended algae. . The cyclone splitter splitter separates the sand with a specific gravity greater than water from the water by centrifugal force, but does not remove the organic matter.
3.The water flows from the capillary into the dripper, which injects the irrigation water into the soil at a certain working pressure. It is the heart of the drip irrigation system. The water is dripped or exuded through a dripper at a constant low flow rate and diffused in the soil in the form of a non-saturated stream under the dripper. At present, the dripper used in the actual drip irrigation project mainly includes two types of dripper and drip irrigation belt.
4.Fertilizer and pesticide injection devices and containers. Including differential pressure fertiliser, venturi injector, diaphragm or piston injection pump, fertilizer or pesticide solution storage tank. It must be installed in front of the filter to prevent the last dissolved fertilizer particles from clogging the dripper. There are three ways to inject fertilizer: one is to use a small pump to hydraulically feed the fertilizer into the main pipe; the other is to use the pressure difference caused by the flow regulating valve on the pipe to inject the fertilizer into the main pipe; the third is the jet. injection.
5.Control and measurement equipment. Including water meters and pressure gauges, various manual, mechanical or electric operated gate valves, such as hydraulic automatic control valves, flow regulators, etc.
The dripper is the core of the drip irrigation system and meets the following requirements：
1.There is a relatively low and stable flow rate within a certain pressure range, and the outlet flow rate of each dripper should be between 2 and 8 liters/hour. The flow path of the dripper is small, the diameter is generally less than 2 mm, and the precision of the flow channel manufacturing is also high.
The small flow path difference will have a great influence on the outflow capacity of the dripper.At the same time, the frictional resistance of the water flow in the flow of the capillary reduces the pressure of the water flow, thereby reducing the flow rate of the tip dripper. In order to ensure sufficient irrigation uniformity of the drip irrigation system,the flow difference in the system is generally limited to 10%.
2.Large flow cross section In order to generate a large pressure loss and a small flow rate at the dripper section, the minimum dimension of the water flow passage section varies between 0.3 and 1.0 mm. Due to the small flow path of the dripper, it is easy to cause blockage of the flow path. If the dripper flow path is increased, the flow path needs to be lengthened. For this purpose, various drip devices have been developed.
Introduction to the classification and characteristics of the dripper
1.According to the connection method of the dripper and the capillary tube
Inter-tube dripper: Install the emitter in the middle of the two-stage capillary so that the dripper itself becomes part of the capillary. For example, a barbed joint at both ends of a tubular dripper is inserted into a two-stage capillary tube, so that most of the water flows through the body cavity of the dripper to the next section of the capillary tube, and a small part of the water flows through the side hole in the dripper body. In the dripper flow channel, the dripper flows out after the flow channel is dissipated.
Tube Top Dripper: A dripper that is directly inserted into the wall of the capillary tube, such as a side-drip type dripper, an orifice type dripper, etc.
2.According to the energy dissipation method of the dripper
Long-flow type energy-dissipating dripper: The long-flow type energy-dissipating dripper mainly relies on the frictional energy between the water flow and the flow channel wall to adjust the amount of water discharged from the dripper, such as micro-tubes, internal threads and labyrinths. Tube type dripper, etc., all belong to the long-flow type energy-dissipating dripper.
Pressure-compensated dripper: The pressure-compensated dripper changes the shape of the elastomer component or the flow channel by the pressure of the water flow, so that the surface area of the water-passing section changes, and the dripper flow is small and stable. The significant advantage of the pressure-compensated dripper is that it can automatically adjust the water output and self-cleaning, and the uniformity of the effluent is high, but the manufacturing is more complicated.
Drip irrigation or drip irrigation drip: The dripper and the hair control are integrated. The tube (or belt) with both water distribution and dripping function is called drip irrigation tube (or drip irrigation belt). According to the structure of the drip irrigation pipe (belt), it can be divided into two types: the inner drip irrigation pipe and the thin wall drip irrigation zone .
The configuration of the drip irrigation system can generally be to lay a capillary tube between the rows of fruit villages. The dripper with a flow rate of 4 liters/hour is installed at intervals of 1 meter on the capillary tube. The dense planting garden can be placed at a distance of 0.5 meters before and after the fruit trees. head. In general, the orchard will have 1 dripper or 1 dripper around the plant at 1 meter on both sides of the tree before the result (1 meter from the trunk), and 5 to 6 trees or sticky soil. In the absence of rain, the interval between two drippings is 3 to 4 days.
Precautions for using a drip tape
1.It is easy to block the pipe and dripper of drip irrigation, and the water quality is high, so the filter must be installed;
2.It is drip irrigation that cannot adjust the field microclimate. It is not suitable for irrigation during the freezing period. In the irrigation of vegetables, the drip irrigation system cannot be used to apply manure.
3.It is a high investment in drip irrigation, and it is necessary to consider the economic benefits of crops;
4.Burning of the drip irrigation belt Pay attention to compacting the mulch film when laying the drip irrigation belt so that the mulch film is as close as possible to the drip irrigation belt, and no space is created between the mulch film and the drip irrigation belt. Avoid the focus of sunlight formed by water droplets. Before planting, it is necessary to level the land and reduce the phenomenon of multiple pits. Prevent the clump of weeds from the soil to hold up the mulch, causing water vapor to form a lens effect under the mulch and burn the drip irrigation belt. The drip irrigation belt can be buried while laying to avoid the focus burn.
When using drip irrigation, fruit trees should pay attention to purifying water quality, prevent dripper clogging, and filter with 80-100 mesh nylon sieve water filter made of PVC material that is not easy to rust. The dripper should be cleaned and overhauled frequently.
https://pky-dripirrigation.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/guoshu3-1.jpg574431linda liuhttps://pky-dripirrigation.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/logo.pnglinda liu2019-01-24 06:44:302019-01-29 02:40:41Fruit tree drip irrigation case